Colombia has enough Solar Energy resources because of its location in the equatorial zone, but the country is located in a complex region of the Andes where climates change frequently.
The average radiation is 4.5 kWh / m2, and the area with the best solar resource is the Peninsula of La Guajira, with 6kWh / m2 radiation. Of the 6 MW of solar energy installed in Colombia (equivalent to approximately 78,000 solar panels), 57% is distributed for rural applications and 43 percent for communication towers and traffic signs. Solar systems can be very appropriate for applications in rural areas, where the demand for energy is in remote areas, which is why it is very expensive to connect it to the national network (UPME 2005).
In Colombia, it could be generated on a larger scale in the areas of Magdalena, La Guajira, San Andrés and Providencia. On the island of San Andres there is hardly an installed capacity close to 100Kw, around 370 panels; On the island of Santa Catalina is planning to install 300Kw at the end of the year 2016 and thus make it the first island of the archipelago to use 100% of renewable energy. Currently Colombia has 6 MW installed solar energy, equivalent to 78000 solar panels.
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Colombia's economy is based mainly on the production of primary goods, and it stands out internationally for the significant growth it has experienced in the last decade in the export of merchandise and the attractiveness it offers to foreign investment. It is the fourth largest economy in Latin America, after those of Brazil, Mexico and Argentina. In the international classification, it is among the largest 31 in the world.
Until the 1950 years and even until the previous decade, Colombia's main means of obtaining foreign currency was mainly focused on external sales of coffee. However, there are several sectors that made Colombia one of the most recognized countries for its production, such as emeralds and floriculture. It also highlights the sectors of the automotive industry, textiles and is a major exporter of gold, sapphires and diamonds, among other products.
Colombia participates in several international organizations and communities in search of cooperation and consolidation of actions for economic development. Globally, it is part of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the bloc of emerging countries such as CIVETS (Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa). At the continental level, it is a member of organizations such as the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Andean Community of Nations (CAN), the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) and, recently, the Pacific Alliance.
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